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Social scientists as experts and public intellectuals

Turner, Stephen P. (2015) Social scientists as experts and public intellectuals. In: International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Elsevier, pp. 695-700. ISBN 978-0-08-097086-8 ; E-ISBN: 978-0-08-097087-5

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Abstract

"Experts and intellectuals in the social sciences have a long history of relating to the state and the public. These relations vary in kind from those based on technical knowledge applied to policy to cults to social scientists in organic relations to social movements to organized attempts to develop public policy guided by social science knowledge. The most successful early attempts were cameralism and official statistics, but intellectuals like John Stuart Mill also reached a wide public audience in the nineteenth century. In the late nineteenth century, social reform movements claimed expert knowledge. As the social sciences entered the university, however, the forms of influence changed. Under the influence of the Rockefeller philanthropies, social science became more ‘realistic’ and the emphasis shifted to creating professions dependent on academic knowledge and certification. Think tanks and other forms of knowledge intervention developed which relied on academic social science. Public intellectuals, however, speaking not to professions or bureaucrats, remained important." - publisher abstract. Covers Beatrice and Sidney Webb and Fabianism among others.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: C Auxiliary Sciences of History > CT Biography
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
L Education > L Education (General)
Date Deposited: 08 May 2017 11:54
Last Modified: 08 May 2017 11:54
URI: http://webbs.library.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/876

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