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Sidney and Beatrice Webb's viewpoint on collectivism : was it private or public Interest?

Eriguchi, Taku (2005) Sidney and Beatrice Webb's viewpoint on collectivism : was it private or public Interest? Bulletin of the Faculty of Letters, Aichi Prefectural University (53). pp. 1-20.

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Abstract

This paper tries to make clear the viewpoint of Sidney and Beatrice Webb on "collectivism". Two points can be suggested about the characteristics of the Webbs' idea. The first point is that they supported some voluntary movements and criticised others. The second point is that their reform scheme had a dualistic structure of voluntary factors and the state / municipalities. The key to an understanding of the Webbs' attitude towards "collectivism" was their unique evolutionary perception of society. The Webbs knew well that the behaviour of all voluntary associations was based on essentially private interests. However, if they could "adapt" to "industrial progress", they were accepted from the viewpoint of the public interest. In this case, the state has to support them up to the national minimum levels in order to prevent "degeneration". The viewpoint of the Webbs on "collectivism" was one version of a "mixed economy of welfare". However, after the First World War, they were forced to change their idea from "evolutionary" thinking to "control" by the state. At the same time, the Webbs' pre-1914 idea became a forgotten aspect of the intellectual history of Britain.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The full text of this article is available at the jairo.nii.ac.jp repository link.
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DA Great Britain
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
H Social Sciences > HX Socialism. Communism. Anarchism
Date Deposited: 25 May 2017 15:23
Last Modified: 25 May 2017 15:57
URI: http://webbs.library.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/924

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