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Minority report [on women in industry]

Webb, Beatrice (1919) Minority report [on women in industry]. In: Report of the War Cabinet Committee on Women in Industry. Cmnd. (135). H.M.S.O. for the War Office, London, pp. 254-333.

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Abstract

CONTENTS: Summary of conclusions: I. The relation between men's and women's wages II. The war pledges of the Government with regard to the wages of women taking the place of men. PART I: The relation between men's and women's wages. Chapter I: The principles on which wages have hitherto been determined —— A: The principle of individual bargaining; B: The principle of the national minimum; C: The principle of collective bargaining and of the occupational rate leading under existing circumstances to a male rate and a female rate; D: The principle of adjusting money wages to cost of living; E: The principle of determining wages by family obligations; F: The principle of the vested interest of the male; G: The principle of a definite qualification for employment; H: The formula of equal pay for equal work; I: The principle of limiting wages by foreign competition; J: The device of profit sharing; The chaos produced by the War. Chapter II: The principles to be rejected and the principles to be recommended —— 1: The principle of individual bargaining must be rejected; 2: The principle of the national minimum must be accepted; 3: The principle of the occupational rate must be accepted; 4: The principle of a male rate and a female rate must be rejected; 5: The principle of adjusting money wages to meet increases in cost of living must be accepted; 6: The principle of determining wages by family obligations must he rejected; 7: The principle of the vested interest of the male must be rejected; 8: The principle, wherever practicable, of a definite qualification for an occupation must be accepted; 9: The formula for "Equal Pay for Equal Work" must be rejected, but only because of its ambiguity; 10: The device of profit-sharing must be rejected; 11: The principle of limiting wages by reference to foreign competition must be Rejected; 12: I Recommend the adoption of a new principle, namely, that of a closer correspondence of occupational rates to relative efforts and needs. Chapter III: Some considerations arising out of the principles recommended —— (a) The effect on liberty; (b) The effect on women's employment; (c) The effect on employment of young persons; (d) The effect on unemployment; (e) The public provision for the unemployed; (f) The effect on the inefficient; (g) The provision for dependents; (h) The better distribution of the national product according to the efforts and needs of individual citizens. PART II: The war pledges of the government with regard to the wages or women taking the place of men. CHAPTER I: What the Government pledges were —— I: Did the Treasury agreement contain any pledge as to women's wages? II: Was any pledge given in the Treasury agreement as to women paid by time? III: Did the Treasury agreement embody any pledge with regard to the wages of women substituted for semi-skilled men? IV: Did the Treasury agreement apply only to the work dealt with by the Ministry of Munitions? V: Was the Treasury agreement subsequently arrogated or modified by the parties thereto? VI: Did the Treasury agreement contemplate or permit any differentiation between men and women as such with regard to advances made in respect of the increased cost of living? CHAPTER II: Has the Government fulfilled the obligations involved in its pledge? —— I: The Treasury; II: The Admiralty; III: The War Office; IV. The Ministry of Munitions —- 1: Failure to Pay the "Rates Customarily Paid for the Job" to women employed on work previously done by unskilled or semi-skilled men, and paid at time rates; 2: Failure to allow the women the same advances as the men. Conclusions.

Item Type: Book Section
Additional Information: Minority report by Mrs. Sidney Webb.
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DA Great Britain
H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
Date Deposited: 13 Jun 2017 14:50
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2017 15:09
URI: http://webbs.library.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/943

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